Ideas on Europe

Economics & Trade

European Defence Spending Should Be Better Aligned

Dr Nicholas Marsh, Dr Bruno Oliveira Martins, Prof Jocelyn Mawdsley |

As a response to the war in Ukraine, European countries have decided to increase their military spending. But member states and EU institutions are not on the same page about what to do with it. Increased defence spending, in itself, does not automatically translate into higher common EU industrial capacity or defence capabilities. On the contrary: uncoordinated military spending brings different risks, and more effort should be put on policy and strategic alignment.

Making Foreign Aid Work: Navigating the Aid Localisation Conundrum

Swetha Ramachandran |

Development assistance funding by international donors is rarely channeled through local actors. While there are strong normative and practical arguments to localize funding (i.e. directly channel funding through local actors), progress has been piecemeal as donors are largely left to their own devices to decide how/when/where and how much to localize.

Institutional quality and geography of discontent in the EU

JCMS |

by Burhan Can Karahasan (MEF University) and Mehmet Pinar (Universidad de Sevilla and Istanbul Bilgi University)   In the 2016 Referendum, with a Leave vote of 51.89%, the United Kingdom (UK) became the first country to withdraw from the European Union (EU) officially. While the political and economic consequences of the Brexit process are still […]

Approaches to distributional impact assessment in the national budget process across the EU

JCMS |

by Nicola Bazoli (FBK-Irvapp), Carlo Fiorio (University of Milan, FBK-Irvapp), Sonia Marzadro (FBK-Irvapp), Jonathan Pycroft (European Commission), and Loris Vergolini (University of Bologna, FBK-Irvapp) In recent decades, equity has gained prominence in public discourse following the Great Recession and the sovereign debt crisis, which exacerbated income inequality. Distributional Impact Assessment (DIA), intended as a set […]

Understanding Investment Screening Mechanisms in the European Union

Elif Cemre Besgür |

The experience of the Covid pandemic, coupled with concerns about critical Chinese takeovers and technological transfers, has brought security threats to the forefront. Consequently, screening incoming foreign direct investment (FDI) for national security reasons has become a common practice.

UACES Microgrant Report: Getting to the 2023 IMO Revised GHG Strategy

Joseph Earsom |

Although international shipping accounts for approximately 3% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, its share of global emissions is projected to continue to rise in the coming decades. Joseph Earsom's UACES microgrant report details their experience as an academic attendee of MEPC 80.

Going to Windsor

eu!radio |

Today on "Ideas on Europe" we are going to Windsor. Not to visit the new King, but to talk about whether this spring’s deal on Northern Ireland means a new start for relations between the EU and the UK.

The Mobilisation of EU Market Power: Drivers, Limits and Future Prospects

JCMS |

The EU is currently mobilising its market power through a range of new policy tools. Examples include the Climate Border Adjustment Mechanisms (CBAM), the International Procurement Instrument and the Anti-Coercion Instrument. The general aim, as explained in the EU’s trade policy review and the recent industrial strategy, is to make the EU stronger, more assertive and more geopolitically relevant.

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